BTS is short for Base Transceiver Station. This terminology is new and is becoming popular in the era of mobile today. BTS serves to bridge the communication device users with the network to another network. A range of BTS emissions can be called Cell. Mobile communication is a modern communication that supports high mobility. From several BTS then controlled by one Base Station Controller (BSC) connected with microwave or fiber optic connection.
With the term BTS can be applied to one of the standard wireless communications, such as GSM and CDMA. In this case, BTS is part of the development of base station subsystem (BSS) for the management system. It also has tools for encrypting and decrypting communications, spectrum filtering tools (band pass filters), and more. An antenna can also be considered a component of the base station in the general sense because of its function. Usually BTS will have multiple transceivers (TRXs) that allow it to serve several different frequencies and different cell sectors (in the case of sectorised BTS). A base station with controller-based controller base control (BCF). BCF is implemented as a discrete unit or even incorporated in TRX in a compact base station. BCF provides operation and maintenance (NMS), and their respective TRX implementation, as well as software and alarm collection. The base and base station functions remain the same without.
BTS and mobile phones are both called transceivers (BTS stands = Base Transceiver Station) because of the same nature can send information and receive information. At the time BTS send information to the mobile phone, at that time also mobile phone can also send information to the BTS together properly as we chat via phone we can speak together. In its topology BTS serves to provide the network (interface) in the form of radio signals elektromagnetik for its users In this case is mobile phone, modem, fax etc. Frequency follows the allocation that has been given by the government to each operator, there are in the band 450Mhz, 800Mhz, 900Mhz, 1800 Mhz and the frequency above itu.Komunikasi from the direction of BTS to the user called downlink, while the frequency path used to send information from users to BTS Called uplink
There is a cause where the downlink frequency is made higher than the uplink frequency, this is related to the power problem that must be provided by the user device in this case is the mobile phone battery. In science the higher the frequency the noise (noise) will be greater, so that required greater power for better quality guaranteed. If the uplink frequency using a high frequency then the consequences mobile phone batteries can be more wasteful and quickly exhausted. The further distance the mobile phone users to the BTS is also biased to the power needs of the distance relationship is inversely proportional to the signal quality, the closer the distance the better the quality. The counter farther the distance the less the quality. What effect? If the quality of mobile phone signals received by the BTS decreases then the BTS will order the phone for its emitting power, of course the battery usage will quickly run out.
- Sectoral Antenna
Antenna is defined as a structure that serves as a detachor of electromagnetic wave energy in the air and also can as a receiver / capture of electromagnetic wave energy in the air. Since it is an intermediary device between the transmission and air channels, the antenna must have a matching property with its shaving channel. An antenna is a device used to convert an electrical signal into an electromagnetic signal and radiate it. Sectoral antenna is an antenna that transmits and receives signal according to the transmitting angle of its sector. The antenna used is a 3 sector antenna with a combination of Distributed Control System.
- Antenna Microwave
The micro system is a very high frequency microwave transmission and reception system. Microwave system used for communication between BTS or BTS-BSC.Microwave The system used is indoor system. Microwave antennas remain mounted towers. In the Microwave Radio antenna (MW), which looks like a drum drum, it is a high-performance antenna type. There are usually 2 brands, namely Andrew and RFS. The hallmark of this high-performance antenna is a drum-like shape, and there is a cover, called a radome. Radome function, among others, to protect the antenna components, from changes in the surrounding weather.
Cellular technology is a wireless telecommunication system that uses radio waves as carrier signals with hexagon-shaped cells, where such technology exists in BTS (Base Transceiver Station), the main components of BTS are tower and shelter where the two parts Also has many components.